John Turner explains the amazing anthill to us in this video. They were the first farmers in Africa, in what is called a termetary. When they fly, that carry with them spores in their bodies. Males and females mate in the air. Once she lands, she uses her geometric senses to find a well. Anthills are an indicator of the existence of groundwater. Once the female finds a good nest site, the male bury’s her down and starts collecting carbon. Through saliva, they introduce the fungus and start farming this fungus. The queen then lays her eggs and we get the beginning of a colony. Anthills are water farms in a complex form.

Minerals are taken from this deep and ancient geology that are brought to the surface. He also explains the amazing ventilation process, and why engineers should study the anthill, especially when it comes to ventilation.

He shows us the wild willow growing at a river, which is indigenous in this environment. What’s interesting is what he tells us about trees that flower in the different season to provide food for insects like bees and birds.

They then come across a water oasis, and he goes into detail about the Suikerbos flower.

One of the questions that arise, is whether this is the source of the river, to which John explains how it starts underground.

He shows us a flower that indicated that rain is coming and how this would have indicated to bushmen that it was time to move on. Wild Dagga is then discussed. They then come across a wetland and get some interesting information about it and how the plants clean the water that passes through it, as well as the plants growing in the wetland.

John shows us some mildew, which could be seen as a pest in a vegetable garden. he explains that it’s part of a recycling process. He goes into what’s known as the Spirit of Place.

Judy and John discuss the effects of covered land versus uncovered land, as well as permaculture placement.

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